End-of-Life Planning among Older Filipinos

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Erryne Noelle C. Aguilar, Mariah Stephanie L. Cardinal, Jennifer D. Doria,
Casserine P. Dumpilo, Christian Anthony C. Fabros, Charlie Magne S. Flores,
Angelika Marie R. Milo, Samantha Faye Q. Natino, Angelo L. Ortiz,
Joyce Ann P. Pastor, and Vicente B. Turas III 

Advisers: Raymund F. Mamayson, MN, RN and Mary Rose D. Valenzuela, MN, RN


Purpose: The number of older Filipinos continues to rise resulting in increasing numbers of people who live in a modernized world which offers numerous options to prepare for the End-of-Life (EoL). Henceforth, EoL planning among older Filipinos and the factors which could potentially influence the propensity to plan ahead needs further investigation. This study ascertained the level of health, relationship, funerary, legal and financial-related EoL planning among older Filipinos, and established the association between EoL planning and sex, chronologic age, religious affiliation, ethnicity, health and financial status.

Methods: The study utilized a descriptive survey design, including 400 respondents, chosen through purposive sampling and met the inclusion of Filipino, Baguio residents, aged 60 and above, able to read and understand English, Filipino or Ilokano, and without psychological disturbances or cognitive deficits. The researchers used a self-made questionnaire after establishing validity (0.96) and reliability (0.82). The Saint Louis University Research Ethics Committee ensured the ethical conduct of this research. Data were treated with statistics using frequency, mean and Chi-square test.

Findings: The responses indicated moderate levels of EoL planning overall. Moreover, statistical tests revealed that only health status has a significant association with EoL planning.

Conclusions: Based on the findings, the researchers conclude that EoL planning remains not widely used in the Philippines, thus, intensifying the call for more aggressive interventions to make EoL planning salient and acceptable to older people. In addition, health status affects EoL planning considerably, and that knowing the sex, chronologic age, religious affiliation, ethnicity and financial status did not help predict EoL planning.